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“For ages, I’ve dreamed of a United States where Project Censored isn’t necessary, where these crucial stories and defining issues are on the front page of the New York Times, the cover of Time, and in heavy rotation on CNN. That world still doesn’t exist, but we always have Project Censored’s yearly book to pull together the most important things the corporate media ignored, missed, or botched.” –Russ Kick, author of You Are Being Lied To, Everything You Know Is Wrong, and the New York Times bestselling series The Graphic Canon.
“Most journalists in the United States believe the press here is free. That grand illusion only helps obscure the fact that, by and large, the US corporate press does not report what’s really going on, while tuning out, or laughing off, all those who try to do just that. Americans–now more than ever–need those outlets that do labor to report some truth. Project Censored is not just among the bravest, smartest, and most rigorous of those outlets, but the only one that’s wholly focused on those stories that the corporate press ignores, downplays, and/or distorts. This latest book is therefore a must read for anyone who cares about this country, its tottering economy, and–most important– what’s now left of its democracy.” –Mark Crispin Miller, author, professor of media ecology, New York University.
“One of the most significant media research projects in the country.” —I. F. Stone
“Project Censored brings to light some of the most important stories of the year that you never saw or heard about. This is your chance to find out what got buried.” –Diane Ravitch, author of The Death and Life of the Great American School System.
“Hot news, cold truths, utterly uncensored.” —Greg Palast
“Censored 2014 is a clarion call for truth telling. Not only does this volume highlight fearless speech in fateful times, it connect the dots between the key issues we face, lauds our whistleblowers and amplifies their voices, and shines light in the dark places of our government that most need exposure.” –Daniel Ellsberg, The Pentagon Papers
“[Censored] should be affixed to the bulletin boards in every newsroom in America. And, perhaps read aloud to a few publishers and television executives.” —Ralph Nader
“The staff of Project Censored presents their annual compilation of the previous year’s 25 stories most overlooked by the mainstream media along with essays about censorship and its consequences. The stories include an 813% rise in hate and anti-government groups since 2008, human rights violations by the US Border Patrol, and Israeli doctors injecting Ethiopian immigrants with birth control without their consent. Other stories focus on the environment, like the effects of fracking and Monsantos GMO seeds. The writers point out misinformation and outright deception in the media, including CNN relegating factual accounts to the “opinion” section and the whitewashing of Margaret Thatcher’s career following her death in 2013, unlike Hugo Chavez, who was routinely disparaged in the coverage following his death. One essay deals with the proliferation of “Junk Food News,” in which “CNN and Fox News devoted more time to ‘Gangnam Style’ than the renewal of Uganda’s ‘Kill the Gays’ law.” Another explains common media manipulation tactics and outlines practices to becoming a more engaged, free-thinking news consumer or even citizen journalist. Rob Williams remarks on Hollywood’s “deep and abiding role as a popular propaganda provider” via Argo and Zero Dark Thirty. An expose on working conditions in Chinese Apple factories is brutal yet essential reading. This book is evident of Project Censored’s profoundly important work in educating readers on current events and the skills needed to be a critical thinker.” -Publisher’s Weekly said about Censored 2014 (Oct.)
“Those who read and support Project Censored are in the know.” —Cynthia McKinney
“Project Censored continues to be an invaluable resource in exposing and highlighting shocking stories that are routinely minimized or ignored by the corporate media. The vital nature of this work is underscored by this year’s NSA leaks. The world needs more brave whistle blowers and independent journalists in the service of reclaiming democracy and challenging the abuse of power. Project Censored stands out for its commitment to such work.” —Deepa Kumar, author of Islamophobia and the Politics of Empire and associate professor of Media Studies and Middle Eastern Studies at Rutgers University
“[Censored] offers devastating evidence of the dumbing-down of main-stream news in America. . . . Required reading for broadcasters, journalists, and well-informed citizens.” —Los Angeles Times
“Project Censored interrogates the present in the same way that Oliver Stone and I tried to interrogate the past in our Untold History of the United States. It not only shines a penetrating light on the American Empire and all its deadly, destructive, and deceitful actions, it does so at a time when the Obama administration is mounting a fierce effort to silence truth-tellers and whistleblowers. Project Censored provides the kind of fearless and honest journalism we so desperately need in these dangerous times.” —Peter Kuznick, professor of history, American University, and coauthor, with Oliver Stone, of The Untold History of the United States
“In another home run for Project Censored, Censored 2013 shows how the American public has been bamboozled, snookered, and dumbed down by the corporate media. It is chock-full of ‘ah-ha’ moments where we understand just how we’ve been fleeced by banksters, stripped of our civil liberties, and blindly led down a path of never-ending war.” –Medea Benjamin, author of Drone Warfare, cofounder of Global Exchange and CODEPINK.
“Project Censored is one of the organizations that we should listen to, to be assured that our newspapers and our broadcasting outlets are practicing thorough and ethical journalism.” —Walter Cronkite
“Project Censored shines a spotlight on news that an informed public must have . . . a vital contribution to our democratic process.” —Rhoda H. Karpatkin, president, Consumer’s Union
“Activist groups like Project Censored . . . are helping to build the media democracy movement. We have to challenge the powers that be and rebuild media from the bottom up.” —Amy Goodman
“At a time when the need for independent journalism and for media outlets unaffiliated with and untainted by the government and corporate sponsors is greater than ever, Project Censored has created a context for reporting the complete truths in all matters that matter. . . . It is therefore left to us to find sources for information we can trust. . . . It is in this task that we are fortunate to have an ally like Project Cen-sored.” —Dahr Jamail
Buy it, read it, act on it. Our future depends on the knowledge this col-lection of suppressed stories allows us.” —San Diego Review

US Government Medicates Citizens without Consent

This story examines the ethical issues of water fluoridation. Fluoridation in the United State began in the early 1945. Grand Rapids, Michigan became the first city to implement community water fluoridation. By 2008, more than 72 percent of the U.S water supplies have been fluoridated (CDC, 2010). While claims have been made that fluoride added into water can be beneficial to prevent and even reverse tooth decay, more studies have shown it’s causing more harm than good. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) classifies fluoride as a drug when used to prevent or mitigate disease. Adding fluoride to water for the sole purpose of preventing tooth decay is a form of medical treatment. This raises ethical questions of fluoridation being forced upon the population without the people’s consent and without due regard for the unique medical circumstances of those who may be adversely affected.

Student Researcher: Jiakai Lin, Indian River State College

Faculty Evaluator: Elliot D. Cohen, Ph.D., Indian River State College


Carlsson, A. (2000). Water fluoridation. Retrieved from

Carlsson, A. (2001, August). Nobel Laureate Opposes Fluoride. Retrieved from

CDC. (2010). 2008 Water Fluoridation Statistics. Retrieved from

Connet, P. (2011, August). 50 reasons to oppose fluoridation. Retrieved from

Mercola, J. (2011, January). The Toxin So Dangerous. Retrieved from cavities.aspx (2012). Arvid Carlsson. Retrieved from (2012). Fluoridation by Country. Retrieved from

Fluoridation is unethical. Unlike all other water treatment processes, fluoridation does not treat

the water itself, but the person consuming it. The FDA accepts fluoride as a drug, not a nutrient, when used to prevent disease. By definition, therefore, fluoridating water is a form of mass medication. No doctor can force a patient to take a particular medicine. Fluoridation violates medical ethics in depriving the individual of his or her right to informed consent to medication. The safety and effectiveness of fluoridated water has never been demonstrated by randomized controlled trials which is a gold standard required for a drug to enter the market (Carlsson, 2000).

Safety of fluoridation also raises questions due to the lack of studies done. Meanwhile, many other studies have shown the dangers of fluoride and why we should avoid fluoridated water at all cost. The danger of using fluoridated water outweighs the benefit of preventing tooth decay (Mercola, 2011). Dr. Pual Connett, Dr. Arvid Carlsson and many of others have done extensive studies on fluoride and the effects it has on the human body. Dr. Pual Connett, the 2000 Nobel Laureate in Medicine and Physiology, is one of the scientists who helped keep fluoridation out of Sweden. In “50 Reasons to Oppose Fluoridation,” Dr. Connett stated 50 reasons why we should avoid fluoridation.

Some of his concerns of fluoridation were accumulation of fluoride over time. It can be harmful to every organ in the body especially infants and kids who cannot filter out fluoride as fast as an adult. Dosage of fluoride cannot be controlled once it is mix into water. Once fluoride is added into water it is impossible to control the dose each individual receives because everyone drink different amount of waters each day. We also get fluoride from many other sources beside in our water each day. We are exposed to fluoride through food and beverages processed with fluoridated water, fluoridated dental products, pesticide residues and more. Over time the

buildup of fluoride can attack mostly any part of the body such as the brain, pineal gland, thyroid, bone, kidney and more (connett, 2011).

Dr. Arvid Carlsson is a Swedish scientist, also awarded with Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine in 2000. His standpoint on fluoridation is identical with Dr. Connett. Dr. Carlsson also took part in the debate in Sweden, opposing fluoridation of drinking water. He believes water fluoridation violates modern pharmacological principles which indicate that medication should be tailored to individuals (Wikipedia, 2012). As explained by the American Medical Association, the doctor must inform the patient of the medicine’s benefits, side effects, and alternatives and then allow the patient to decide whether to take it or not. He feels fluoridation is an outdated one size fits all approach to medicine. In modern pharmacology, it is well known that individuals respond very differently to the same dose of a given drug. A drug that might be safe for this particular person may be toxic to someone else. This rule applies to fluoride as well (Carlsson, 2001).

He described fluoridation as delivering fluoride for a lifetime without oversight of a doctor. There is no systematic or comprehensive program to track level of fluoride building in people’s tissues, or to monitor the side effects that may be occurring. Furthermore, fluoridation has never been proven safe or effective. Although fluoridation has been going on for over 60 years and consumed by more than 180 million Americans on a daily basis, there has never been a single randomized controlled trail to insure public safety (Carlsson, 2000). In recent years, sky rocketing increase of dental fluorosis has become more recognized by scientists worldwide as the first clinical sign of fluoride poisoning. This clearly indicates fluoride ingestion is out of control.

For over 60 years, the safety of fluoridation has been a concern. Several countries that have started fluoridation have stopped or rejected the idea due to potential dangers of fluoride.

Some of these countries include China, Austria, Belgium, Finland, Germany, Denmark, etc. Many of these countries felt it’s not worth taking the risk of adding fluoride into water while there’s plenty of better ways to prevent tooth decay. There’s only 5 percent of the world population drinking fluoridated water and more than 50 percent of these people live in North America (Wikipedia, 2012). Despite numerous countries banning fluoride from their water, U.S. government remains confident fluoride will cause no harm. With no test or study done on fluoride’s long term effect this raises ethical issues. It is unethical to perform mandatory fluoridation for people who do not want their water to be fluoridated. It’s a mass medication of public water supplies with an uncontrolled dose of fluoride. The risks of fluoridated water are clear and backed up by several studies. Nobody is safe unless we take action and join in on existing movements on banning fluoridation.

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